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How to find a job in Canada?

 

1-Find a job to apply: 

Finding a career in Canada is easier than it is imagined. If you utilize the proper tools, you can find a decent job in your field of interest and skillset. There are several different ways to find a job. In order to find a work that best suits your interests and skills, you need to employ all of the possible ways.

There are some references that can help you improve your job hunting skills such as the popular Richard N. Bolles' book:

"What Color Is Your Parachute? 2014: A Practical Manual for Job-Hunters and Career-Changers".

Also, Jay Levinson has a well-written book to help you stand out from the crowd:

"Guerrilla Marketing for Job Hunters 3.0: How to Stand Out from the Crowd and Tap Into the Hidden Job Market using Social Media and 999 other Tactics Today"

Different approaches to find a job:

 

Via Internet

Job Search Engines

Job search websites are those that let you search openings the city of your interest using some keywords and filters. Most famous one of them are including more and more job openings these days, however, it is important to note that most of the jobs are not advertised in these websites, yet again they will help you along the path of finding a career. 

Companies

+ Find the list of relevant companies: If you can find the list of all the companies in your area, you can contact each and every one of them to find out about their openings (via their website, e-mail, or connections). This way can be a bit hard and time-consuming but it is one of the best ways as it familiarizes you with the market and you would get to find more than just advertised jobs. Also, you can research the companies and make sure they are aligned with your goals and interests. 

+ Find the list of job openings: If you can somehow find the list of all of the job openings of a particular company, you can try to apply for them using various methods that are introduced in this article. To find the career opening list, you can visit the company's website, contact them, find a connection, look at their LinkedIn company page, or search in Google.

How to find the list of companies in your field:

  • The easiest way to find such a list is to use LinkedIn.
  1. Register and login to LinkedIn.
  2. Choose "Companies" from the drop-down list near the search box.
  3. Press the magnifier icon.
  4. Filter your search by "Location", "Industry", "Company Size", etc.
  5. See almost every company within your search criteria.
  • Universities and some other institutes give out the list of companies in certain fields. 

Classical methods

Although Internet usage is increasing on a daily basis, most of the jobs are not advertised online. Therefore consider the following classical ways to find a job as well. 

Connections

Connect with the employees:

Find someone that works in the company using online tools or friend recommendations. Try to contact him/her somehow and ask him/her to pass your resume to the hiring department. 

Conferences:

There are many conferences/events held in various fields everywhere. Try to find your local conferences/events using online tools (blogs, LinkedIn events, Google search, etc.) or by asking your network of people. Attending these conferences will help you know the market and key people in it better and maybe network your way to their companies. 

Your University Professor:

If you are a student graduating looking for a job, your supervisor or any professor that you are in contact with can help you find a company, a contact, or ultimately a job. They know the market and employers and can assist you a lot. 

Friends and acquaintances:

You can ask for the help of your friends or acquaintances in order to find a job in Canada. If your resume is handed in with a trusted friend it can be a big plus for you. Also, employees of a company know right at the beginning if there is an opening in their department or not. 

Job Fairs and Open House

Job Fairs: 

In most of the universities across Canada, Job Fairs/Career Fairs are held once or twice a year. These events are not limited to universities and you can always search online to find out about them. In these fairs, employers come from different companies to introduce their company, look for potential employees, update their bank of CVs, or even to ask people to come for an interview for some of their job openings. Attending Career days and fairs help you to know the market and your chances to get into them. 

Open House:

Many companies dedicate a date (usually during weekend) or two in a fiscal year for their open house/Journée carrière. In these events you get to become familiar with the company, various departments, its environment, its employees, and if you are a good fit. You can contact the company of your interest to find out about this day. Most probably you can get an interview (or a fast interview) this way and it can help you a lot to find a career of your choice.

Via Recruiters

Recruiters are those who get paid for helping a company to hire you. They usually have expertise in a certain field and have some contacts in different companies to find potential working resources for them. Recruiters search online, look into the job search websites, use emails, ask their connections, etc. to find people. They then contact them and ask for their updated CVs. You have several ways to find a recruiter yourself:

  1. Search "'your-city's recruitment agencies" (e.g. Montreal recruitment agencies) and send your resume to an agency in your field.
  2. Search "recruiter" in LinkedIn and contact those in your field and city (they are more than happy to accept your friend request)
  3. Ask you friends and acquaintances for recruiters that they know of and contact them directly.

Note that a recruiter is willing to expand their connections and therefore you can always contact them with no pre-requisite.

 

2-Prepare your Résumé

The more professional your resume is the better your chances to get a job. A professional resume or CV is one that has all your relevant history (to the job that you are applying) and it has to contain all the necessary sections (see below).

Consider the following tips while preparing your CV:

  • 1-If you don't have 4+ years of actual job experience do not exceed 2 pages. 
  • 2-Use only one font and one format.
  • 3-Put more relevant items on top.
  • 4-Do not include completely irrelevant items (unless it depicts one of your strengths)
  • 5-Do not have a messy resume it takes less than 5 seconds for the reader to decide s/he wants to continue reading or not. 
  • 6-Do not have typos or any sort of error. 

See below for a professional resume sections (click on the sections to expand them for more info).

Objectives

What kind of a job you are looking for and what you expect from a job.

Qualifications or CV Summary*

This is the most important part of your resume. Many hiring departments, employers, or interviewers decide to contact you or not by just reading this part. Try to put only the items that are very relevant to the job you are applying for. The job description and requirements and researching about the company and its projects can help you fill this section.

Education

If the job has emphasis on education (like IT jobs or R&D jobs), add a little bit more details to this section. If not, only bring your recent and relevant 2 or 3 schools with your GPA and degree.

Skills

Put all of the skills you acquired in life in order of relevancy. Avoid mentioning completely irrelevant skills.

Work Experience

Enter your work experience from the most recent to the least one. Include starting date, end date, name of the company, your title, location of the company, and a description of your responsibilities. As an example you can use the following format (if you have a long list of experiences, try to include the most relevant ones to the job you are applying for):

 

  Network Administrator                                                          Jan 2008-Aug 2011
  Example Company, Montreal, Quebec

-Maintained several large community networks
-Supervised interns
-Designed and developed a configuration system

Publications

Only put your important and relevant publications. Having a big list of publications can have a negative value. 

Languages

If knowing multiple language is an asset to the job you are applying for, or you live in a bilingual city like Montreal, put your language proficiency in your CV Qualification section. Otherwise mention your language skills here.

Awards and Honors

If you got any awards or honors, here is the place to mention it.

Interests

Your interests, especially if related to your job, can be a very important part of your CV. Many of the employers read this section and it grabs their attentions.

References

You can always write "Available upon request" in this section. Only if your references accepted and are needed, give their contact details to your interviewers.

To see a sample résumé click here.

Contact us for resume correction rates. 

 

3-Prepare your Cover Letter

It is always useful and mostly necessary to include a cover letter to your application. 

See below for a professional cover letter sections (click on the sections to expand them for more info).

Introduction 

Introduce yourself and then explain what your goals/objectives are and what the job you are applying for is. It is also good to add a sentence about how you found out about this position.

First Paragraph

In the second and third paragraph you want to prove that you are the best match for the before mentioned position. Explain about your relevant projects, your job experiences, and your skills. Try not to mention your skills only by their name, elaborate them more. This section is more explanatory and you have to include your past experiences. Read couple of cover letter samples before you start writing yours.

Second Paragraph

This is the same as first paragraph. You have lots of options how to tell your story. You can talk about your interests, education, experiences, skills, etc.

Why you are the best choice

Explain how you are the best fit for this position. You can include your knowledge about the company you are applying to.

Click here for a sample cover letter.

Contact us for cover letter correction rates.

 

4-Apply

You can apply for the position of your interest to the company via post, e-mail, their website, directly on their job post, or a recruiter having your resume and your cover letter. If you are using an online option, try to include couple of extra sentences (in the e-mail or message box) briefly explaining your goals, degree, position you are applying for, and the fact that your cover letter and CV are attached. 

5-Interview

Your job interview can happen in one or several sessions. Regardless of the number of people who interview you, you will be asked 2 kinds of questions; 1-General questions and 2-Technical questions. Below, we try to cover most of these questions, however, questions depend very much on your field, the company, your experience, and the specific position you apply to. The following list of questions can help you a lot in terms of passing your interview successfully. 

General Questions

 HR (Human Resources) questions are so common to be asked in a job interview. Most of the times, they are not less important than technical questions. Prepare yourself to answer these questions before your actual interview. Here are some of the main questions that can be asked generally:

  1. How did you hear about our company?
  2. Tell me about yourself.
  3. What kind of career are you looking for? What are your goals/objectives?
  4. What is your ideal job environment?
  5. What is your ideal job?
  6. Where do you see yourself in 2/5/10 years?
  7. Why do you want to work in our company/for this position?
  8. What are your job opportunities in the current market?
  9. Do you have other offers? From what companies?
  10. Tell me some of your weakness/strength.
  11. Can you work under pressure/stress? Give me an example.
  12. Can you work during week-ends/overtime if needed?
  13. Can you meet tight deadlines? Give me some examples of previous experiences.
  14. Why did you change your job so many times?
  15. Give me an example of your past experiences where you failed/succeeded.
  16. Why do you want to leave your current job?
  17. What is you biggest working challenge?
  18. Why should we hire you?
  19. Why aren't you working for a long time?
  20. What are some positive/negative characteristics of a good/bad manager/boss?
  21. If your boss has an idea that you think is wrong what would you do?
  22. Give me an example when your work got criticized.
  23. What do you do in your leisure time?
  24. Could you do your previous jobs better?
  25. What makes you angry?
  26. How would you contribute to our company success if we hire you?
  27. Are you flexible to move/travel?
  28. Can we contact your references?
  29. What is the hardest part of this position?
  30. Do you want to start your own business?
  31. Give me an example when you applied your analytical/creativity/problem solving/meeting deadline/leadership skills.
  32. What is your salary expectation?
  33. What is being successful?
  34. Give me an example when you solve an issue by your interference.
  35. Have you ever hire/fire someone?
  36. Do we have to define your tasks precisely and completely?
  37. What would you do if one of your co-workers doesn't do his/her job properly?
  38. Are you able to finish a task in time?
  39. What would you do if one of your employee/co-worker come to work late/doesn't do his job properly/don't respect others/etc.?
  40. Have you ever managed the budget?
  41. What would you do if they ask you to do something illegal? What if they insist?
  42. What motivates you?
  43. Would you prefer to work alone or in a team?
  44. What is the latest book you've read?
There are no wrong or right answers and it very much depends on the interviewer, the position, you, the company, etc. Try to look online for examples and think about the consequences of your prepared answers.

Technical Questions

In the technical interview you will be asked about the skills you put in your CV/Resume. You might need to prove that you actually possess those skills (maybe with questions, maybe with an oral or written exam). You will also be asked about your previous experiences, education, and internships. You can ask your acquaintances, friends, coworker, other students, professors, etc. for example of these questions. More effectively, you can search online in your field, the position, the company, and many other ways. Some query examples to help you get started are:

  • - network administrator interview questions
  • - civil engineering interview questions and answers
  • - it technical interview questions
  • - 3d artist interview
  • - junior project manager interview questions
  • - senior accountant job interview questions
  • - technical interview questions business analyst
  • - technical interview questions
  • - ford motor company interview questions
  • - electronics engineering interview

What can you ask?

Most probably the interviewer will ask you if you have any questions. It is a good practice to prepare some questions before going to the interview. Most important of all, do a bit of research about the company you are applying to. Read about their goals, projects, history, etc. (Most probably you can find tons of information online). The following list contains some of these questions:

  1. Questions about the company itself (DO NOT ask what do you do, research beforehand).
  2. Questions about the position and your responsibility.
  3. Questions about the work environment.
  4. What is the company success prospect?
  5. What is your success prospect in the company?
  6. How much will you have to travel for work?
  7. Is it possible to send you to other branches?
  8. Do you need to give your references contact (especially if you have good ones)?
  9. When should you start?
  10. When and how will you know about the interview result (Don't ask if you got the job or not. It is not professional)
  11. What are some daily challenges that you will encounter in you department. 
  12. Questions about the company customers.
  13. Is there anybody else that you need to talk with?

How to look professional

There are some tips to look professional in your interviews. Although your experiences and skills are very important, but it is also important how you look in an interview. There is a famous saying that the interviewer will decide to hire you or not in the first minute. You first impression is very important. Here are some tips you can follow:

  1. Dress accordingly. Usually it won't hurt to dress formally. There might be some rare instances (game companies) that conventionally people do not dress formally. Research about the industry.
  2. Use reasonable amount of perfume or jewelries. 
  3. Do not forget to handshake and say "Nice to meet you".
  4. Research about the company. 
  5. Know about your interviewer and research about them if possible.
  6. Ask about the time and length of the interview.
  7. Have some copies of your most updated CV.
  8. Have the list of your references.
  9. Prepare yourself for the interview but do not memorize the whole thing.
  10. Think before talk even if you know the answer.
  11. Look into the interviewers eyes (not so much though!)
  12. Use body language and try to be energetic. 
  13. Have a pen and paper with you and write down important points of the interviewer.
  14. After the interview, send an email to the interviewer and tell him/her about the interesting point of the interview and/or things that you forgot to mention.
  15. Don't be nervous.
  16. Do not interrupt the interviewer.
  17. Smile and be polite.

 

6-Second and Third Interview 

Your interview can have several steps. It is possible that you meet HR (Human Resources) first, technical team second, and department director or upper-management later on. You might be introduced and get asked questions by various managements, owners, etc. It can happen that you have couple of phone interviews as well (especially for bigger companies or the ones that our not in your city of residents).

In any of the possible cases, many of the potential questions are covered in the interview section above. Different interviewer can rephrase different questions but in essence, you will more or less get asked the above mentioned questions. 

 

7-Result

After the interview, most probably the company will call you and let you know of their decision. Even if they don't call you within the time period they provided you with (ask if they don't), you can call them and ask about the result. 

In case you receive a job offer: you will have a certain amount of time to respond yes or no. Think carefully and compare your different job offers. In case you decided you do not want the job, reply politely and refuse to accept the offer, otherwise accept it and your job hunting procedure is done.

In case their refuse your application: Ask for feedbacks. Try to understand why you were rejected. It will help you to come better for the next interview. 

 

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